Akureyri Monthly Temperatures

This post refers to my analysis of recorded monthly mean temperature trends at Akureyri in northern Iceland.  The station was established in 1882.  The analysis used raw data (as recorded, without any adjustments) as published by KNMI (the Dutch Meteorological Institute).   Polynomial curves of best fit were added to the plots.


Akureyri is a town located on Eyjafjorour Fjord in northern Iceland.

Over the 1882-2016 period (a period of 135 years) the years are 96% complete.

Akureyri has a sub-polar oceanic climate, with cold winters and cool summers.   Mean monthly temperatures vary from -1.8 degC (in January) to +10.9 degC (in July).  Extreme monthly mean temperatures recorded are -8.2 degC (in February 1885 and February 1892) to +14.6 degC (in July 1933).


Mean, Maximum and Minimum Monthly Temperatures


Plots are shown below for annual mean temperature and the monthly mean temperature for each of the 12 months.  A polynomial trendline was fitted to each graph.  A comparison of the monthy trendlines are also presented.   It should be noted that the trendlines (in red) can sometimes be misleading at either end of the series as the line is very dependent on the temperature values in individual years (this sensitivity does not occur away from the start and end of the series).


Annual Mean Temperatures


Monthly Mean Temperature Trendlines




























  • The plots show strong cyclical monthly trendlines in all months, with Highs in about 1940 and 2010? and a Lows in about 1890 and 1980.
  • The monthly mean temperatures around 2000-2010 are approximately the same as in about 1940.
  • In all months there is a peak or plateau in the temperature trends around 2000-2010.
  • There have been no alarming trends in temperatures in recent decades.


Akureyri is one of  257 stations, worldwide, for which I have analysed long-term temperature trends.   The analyses at 50 representative stations are summarised in the blog post:   world-50-temperatures



Please let me know what you think of my analyses.    brigun@westnet.com.au


The Author:

This article was written by Brian Gunter of Narooma, NSW, Australia. In his previous life Brian was an engineering hydrologist involved over many years in the analysis of rainfall and river flow data for the planning of water resources projects in Australia, Asia and Africa. In recent years he has been one of the Marine Rescue NSW (previously Royal Volunteer Coastal Patrol) volunteer weather observers who operate the Narooma station for the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.





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