Mawson Monthly Temperatures

This post refers to my analysis of recorded monthly mean temperature trends at Mawson in Antarctica.  The station was established in 1954.  The analysis used raw data (as recorded, without any adjustments) as published by BOM (the Australian Bureau of Meteorology).   Polynomial curves of best fit were added to the plots.

Mawson is a permanent Australian research station located on the coast in Antarctica.

Over the 1954-2016 period (a period of 63 years) the years are 90% complete.

Mawson has a polar climate with cold summers and very cold winters.  Mean monthly temperatures vary from -18.6 degC (in August) to 0.0 degC (in January).  Extreme monthly mean temperatures recorded are -24.1 degC (in August 1982) to +2.4 degC (in January 1977).


Mean, Maximum and Minimum Monthly Temperatures


Plots are shown below for annual mean temperature and the monthly mean temperature for each of the 12 months.  A polynomial trendline was fitted to each graph.  A comparison of the monthy trendlines are also presented.   It should be noted that the trendlines (in red) can sometimes be misleading at either end of the series as the line is very dependent on the temperature values in individual years (this sensitivity does not occur away from the start and end of the series).


Annual Mean Temperatures


Monthly Mean Temperature Trendlines



























  • The plots show slight cyclical monthly trendlines in most months, with High around 2010 and a Low around 1975.
  • A plateau in the trendline around 2000/2010 is observed to occur in most months.
  • The average annual temperature trend since 1954 is about -0.3 degC/century.
  • There are no alarming increases in the temperature trendlines in recent decades.


Mawson is one of  257 stations, worldwide, for which I have analysed long-term temperature trends.   The analyses at 50 representative stations are summarised in the blog post:   world-50-temperatures



Please let me know what you think of my analyses.


The Author:

This article was written by Brian Gunter of Narooma, NSW, Australia. In his previous life Brian was an engineering hydrologist involved over many years in the analysis of rainfall and river flow data for the planning of water resources projects in Australia, Asia and Africa. In recent years he has been one of the Marine Rescue NSW (previously Royal Volunteer Coastal Patrol) volunteer weather observers who operate the Narooma station for the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.




Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s