Richmond Monthly Temperatures

This post refers to my analysis of recorded monthly mean temperature trends at the small town of Richmond in northeastern Queensland, Australia.  The station was established in 1893.  The analysis used raw data (as recorded, without any adjustments) as published by BOM (the Australian Bureau of Meteorology).   Polynomial curves of best fit were added to the plots.

The town of Richmond is located at an elevation of 210 m and is about 360 km from the coast.

Over the 1893-2016 period (a period of 124 years) the years are 94% complete.

Richmond has an arid climate with mild winters and hot summers.    Mean monthly temperatures vary from 17.3 degC (in July) to 30.3 degC (in December).  Extreme monthly mean temperatures recorded are 14.4 degC (in July 1899) to 33.0 degC (in January 1994).


Mean, Maximum and Minimum Monthly Temperatures


Plots are shown below for annual mean temperature and the monthly mean temperature for each of the 12 months.  A polynomial trendline was fitted to each graph.  A comparison of the monthy trendlines are also presented.   It should be noted that the trendlines (in red) can sometimes be misleading at either end of the series as the line is very dependent on the temperature values in individual years (this sensitivity does not occur away from the start and end of the series).


Annual Mean Temperatures


Monthly Mean Temperature Trendlines



























  • The plots show cyclical monthly trendlines in most months with peaks around 1910 and 2010 and a trough around 1940, a cycle period of about 100 years.
  • The peak monthly trendlines around 2010 are generally between 0.5 degC and 1.0 degC higher than those around 1910.
  • A plateau in the trendline around 2000/2010 is observed to occur in most months.
  • The average annual temperature trend since 1893 is about +0.7 degC/century.
  • There are no alarming increases in the temperature trendlines in recent decades.


Richmond is one of  257 stations, worldwide, for which I have analysed long-term temperature trends.   The analyses at 50 representative stations are summarised in the blog post:   world-50-temperatures



Please let me know what you think of my analyses.


The Author:

This article was written by Brian Gunter of Narooma, NSW, Australia. In his previous life Brian was an engineering hydrologist involved over many years in the analysis of rainfall and river flow data for the planning of water resources projects in Australia, Asia and Africa. In recent years he has been one of the Marine Rescue NSW (previously Royal Volunteer Coastal Patrol) volunteer weather observers who operate the Narooma station for the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.




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